Thoth, Egyptian scribe god

Thoth
(rhymes with “both”)
Egyptian Pantheon
God of knowledge, occult wisdom & the moon. Patron god of scribes.
Also called Djhuti, Tehuti, Hermes Trismegistos
Husband of Maat, father of Seshat (though various versions of his family appeared through time)

His name carries two meanings: thought and time. We usually see him as a male figure with the head of an Ibis, but in the past he sometimes had the head of a baboon. Thoth invented the art of writing, and was the scribe of the underworld. Originally a moon god, he was associated with the phases of the moon, and thus with the ability to measure the passage of time and also with astronomy. In Khmun, his cult center, worshippers mummified and buried hundreds of ibises in his honor. He’s not the main character in many myths; more often, he appears as a wise counselor and a source of magical wisdom. He helped Isis bring Osiris back from the dead. Thoth himself is said to have written the most ancient parts of the Egyptian Book of the Dead. He was a favorite deity of the Golden Dawn, and Aleister Crowley invoked him and claimed to channel Thoth’s occult teachings through his Book of Thoth tarot deck. As the sun god Ra is associated with mortal life, Thoth is associated with the afterlife. He is the spiritual father of sacred geometry.

Symbols:

  • ibis
  • moon disk
  • papyrus scroll
  • often shown with baboons, or sometimes as a baboon himself
  • stylus & papyrus scroll